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Earth From Above - France, Yann Arthus-Bertrand Aerial Photography :France: Heart in Voh, New Caledonia (French Overseas Territory) Wallpaper
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- France: Heart in Voh, New Caledonia (French Overseas Territory) Heart in Voh, New Caledonia (French Overseas Territory) (20°56’S, 164°39’E).
A mangrove swamp is a semi-aquatic forest common to muddy tropical coastlines with fluctuating tides. Made up of halophytes (plants that can grow in a saline environment), with a predominance of mangroves, these swamps cover almost one-quarter of tropical coasts and a total of some 56,000 square miles (15 million hectares) worldwide. This represents only half of their original extent, because these fragile swamps are continually shrinking due to the overexploitation of resources, agricultural and urban expansion, the creation of shrimp farms, and pollution. The mangrove nonetheless remains as indispensable to sea fauna and to the equilibrium of the shoreline as it is to the local economy. New Caledonia, a group of Pacific islands covering 7,000 square miles (18,575 km2), has 80 square miles (200 km2) of a fairly low (25 to 33 feet, or 8 to 10 m) but very dense mangrove swamp, primarily on the west coast of the largest island, Grande Terre. At certain spots in the interior that are not reached by seawater except at high tides, vegetation gives way to bare, over salted stretches called ?tannes,? such as this one near the town of Voh, where nature has carved this clearing in the form of a heart.
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