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Earth From Above - France, Yann Arthus-Bertrand Aerial Photography :France From Above : The islets of Nokanhui, south of ile des Pins, New Caledonia, France Wallpaper
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- The islets of Nokanhui, south of le des Pins, New Caledonia, France
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- France From Above : The islets of Nokanhui, south of ile des Pins, New Caledonia, France , The islets of Nokanhui, south of ?le des Pins, New Caledonia, France (22°43’S, 167°30’E).
In 1774, Captain Cook landed on a long island, which he named New Caledonia in a reference to his native country. The wild appearance and luxuriant vegetation of the surrounding islands and islets gave the impression of an oceanic Garden of Eden. This heavenly vision ended in 1863, when France turned several of the islands into prisons. No fewer than 22,000 people were ?transported? there, including those deported for taking part in the Paris Commune of 1871. After they had served their terms, many remained on the islands, but the islands’ first governor considered this population too small. From 1894 on, he invited more than 500 families, among whom he distributed 25,000 hectares of land. Native Melanesians were denied French citizenship until 1946, when the ?indigenous law? was abolished, and only former convicts and colonizers were recognized by France. Today, the Kanaks have achieved independence, sharing sovereignty with the French government under the Matignon agreement of 1998.
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